An essential oil is a highly concentrated substance that is extracted from the flowers, leaves, stems, roots, bark or seeds of a plant.
Various extraction methods can be used (depending on which part of the plant is involved); most typically steam or water distillation, but also carbon dioxide, hexane and fat extraction in some instances.
Every oil and is made up of hundreds of individual, naturally occurring, organic chemical compounds (phyto-hormones) that the plant itself has used to help with aspects such as humidity control, hormonal effects, infection control and healing – as well as attracting or repelling insects, birds, and animals. When extracted with care (slowly and at low temperature) this ‘life force’ of the plant is maintained and able to be recognised by our human biology.
Which is why the use of pure essential oils – harnessing the power of nature - can be so beneficial to us.